It has also developed close links with rebel groups such as Ahrar al-Sham, backed by Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. France and the US are ... Originally introduced following the November 13 Paris attacks, the state of emergency gives authorities far ...
Save for those two profoundly wrong-headed and destructive maneuvers and all that flowed from them, there would be no al-Qaeda and Islamic State today, and jihadi terrorism would have been but a shadow of its current extent.
By the time Zia's decade in power ended in a 1988 plane crash, Pakistan's political choices too had been generally linked to one sort of Islamist group or another.